Jodhpur the capital of Rajasthan, was founded in 1459 by Rao Jodha, the Rathore ruler of the kingdom of Marwar. Strategically located on the overland trade route, it soon became a flourishing trade centre. Its merchant class, known as the Marwaris, have retained their entrepreneurial skills and continue to run many of India's leading business houses. The glorious and elegant monuments, temples and gardens of the city are a reminder of the past and depict a multi-faceted grandeur. Jodhpur is divided into two sections, the Old City, well fortified by a long high wall and the New City where you can find restaurants and big markets. Sightseeing places are: Mehrangarh Fort, Umaid Bhawan Palace, Sardar Bazaar, Mandore Gardens, Balsamand Lake and Gardens and Kailana Lake. The Mehrangarh Fort rises dramatically out of the rugged mountainside and is surrounded by the blue washed houses that dominate the city's landscape.
Jodhpur Quick facts
Jodhpur Geography and Climate
It has a typical desert climate, dry and hot. The ideal time to visit this place is the period between November and March.The city is like an oasis in the vast desert, with a variety of thorny shrubs all over the area. Geography : Between 26°0' and 27°37' north latitude and 72°55' and 73°52' east longitude. Area : 22,850 sq km
Best time to visit Jodhpur
The best time to visit Jodhpur is between October and March when the weather is great. The desert sun is not so hot and no sand storms. For an insight into royal yesteryears don't miss 'The Marwar Festival' held in Oct-Nov!
Jodhpur city is also known as the "Gateway to Thar" (due to its location on the edge of the Thar desert, 'Sun City' (due to the many sunny days), or 'City of Blue Houses' (due to the large number of blue houses). It is known as the Blue City because of the color of the Brahmin houses in Jodhpur.
Jodhpur Near Getaways
Jodhpur - The Gateway to Thar Desert !!! The Thar Desert of Rajasthan is situated partly in India and partly in Pakistan. Bordering the desert on four sides are, Indus plains to the west, Aravalli Range to the southeast, Rann of Kutch to the south, and Punjab plains to the north and northeast. Also known as the "Great Indian Desert", Thar covers an area of approximately 77,000 square miles (200,000 square km). It occupies the western and northwestern parts of the state of Rajasthan. The other states of India into which the Thar Desert stretches are Gujarat, Punjab and Haryana. A tour of the Rajasthan Thar Desert of India takes you on a brilliant ride of the golden hues. The camel rides as well as the beautiful sunsets of the desert enchant both your mind as well as your soul.
Jodhpur is situated at the edge of the Thar Desert with Jaisalmer on its west, Barmar, Jalor and Pali on its south, Bikaner on its north, and Nagaur on the eastern side. The city lies 317 km. from Jaipur and 597 km. from the national capital New Delhi.
How to reach Jodhpur by Road
Jodhpur is well connected with Delhi (597 km), Udaipur (260 km) and Jaipur (336 km). Jodhpur is well connected to National Highway No. 65, linking Ambala via Kaithal via Hissar via Fatehpur via Jodhpurs via Pali by 690 km.
How to reach Jodhpur by Rail
Jodhpur is connected by rail with Delhi, Jaipur, Ahmedabad and Lucknow.
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How to reach Jodhpur by Air
Indian Airlines operates flights from Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur and Jaipur. Jodhpur Domestic Airport is located nearly 5 km far from the city centre of Jodhpur.
Jodhpur Festivals and culture
Folk dances, tribal music and arts, folk crafts, traditional cuisine, heartwarming rituals, deity worship, bright traditional attires, fairs and more engage your attention during your festival tours to Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. Some of the main festivals celebrated with great joy are Marwar festival, Nag Panchami and Nav Sati.
The lifestyle in Jodhpur, India is quite fascinating. They have a typical Marwari accent. The languages spoken by them are Marwari, Rajasthani, Hindi,English. Bright colours are an integral part of the lives of the people in Jodhpur. The women folk wear wide gathered skirts and a hip-length jacket with three quarter length sleeves and the men sport colourful turbans on their heads! They particularly like to wear specific type of jewelry like the ones worn on the feet, head, forehead, ear, nose, neck, arms, wrist, fingers, waist, etc. The famous Marwar festival brings out the festive spirits of the people of this city.
Jodhpur Religious Places
Jodhpur is a culturally rich city. The city of Jodhpur is an example of secularism prevalent in India. Jodhpur has churches for Christians, mosques for Muslims, gurudwaras for Sikhs and even Jain temples for Jains.
Mehrangarh Fort : Spread over an area of 5 sq. Km, the stunning Jodhpur fort in red sandstone has seven gates and preserves one of the most beautiful structures in Rajasthan. The Mehrangarh Fort rises dramatically out of the rugged mountainside and is surrounded by the blue washed houses that dominate the city's landscape. Started in 1459 by Rao Jodha, the fort compound has various later structures that are more ornate and decorative - the Phool Mahal(1730-1750), Takhat Mahal(1843-73), Moti Mahal(1581-1595) and Jhanki Mahal. The royal apartments within the fort now form part of an outstanding museum.
Jodhpur Entertainment and Night Life
Desert Safari : The Great Indian Desert or the Thar desert in the extreme west of Rajasthan captivates numerous travellers to this land to experience the unique desert life of India.
Jodhpur is a traditonal place and hence pubs and bars are not popular here. One can enjoy entertainments in Safari Club, Jodhpur; Lions Club, Jodhpur; Darpan Cinema, Jodhpur.
Kidding around Jodhpur
Umed Garden:(A beautiful place for entertaining children and as well as adults) Viceroy Willingdon inaugurated the zoo in the garden. At the time of its inauguration, the Umed garden had lion, tiger, zebra, ostrich and an emu. There was separate cage made for monkeys. A 'Walk-in Aviary' in the zoo was constructed in the garden in 1978. The aviary houses different types of birds, local, African and Australian parrots, ducks, rabbits etc. All the birds and animals are kept in their natural environment. In the Umed garden, is a large cage for bears opposite the aviary. Also there are pigeons, crocodiles, foxes, deer, lions, leopards, etc,. Children as well as adults very often visit the garden with equal interest. The garden is known to mesmerize people with the nature's beauty in which it abounds. Also, it is a good place to educate children in relation to nature. Kaylana Lake : (Picnic spot) An ideal picnic spot for tourists, this lake offers a breathtaking view of the sunset. Kaylana Lake is the perfect place to relax or have picnics. If you are interested in birds, then, this place will further interest you.
Sardar Bazaar in the heart of the old city is a fascinating cluster of shops selling silver jewellery, lacquer bangles and clay figurines.
Famous To Eat at Jodhpur
Do not forget to try the famous Kachouri (a snack eaten with chutney). And not to forget, do have a tall glass of buttermilk or 'lassi'. Some of the popular sweets of Jodhpur are: Mave ki Kachori, Besan ki Chaaki, Maakhan Vade. Marwar,
Jodhpur Museum and Hill Stations
Mehrangarh Fort Museum : Mehrangarh Fort Museum is considered one of the most well preserved museums in Rajasthan. The entrance to the museum is through Suraj Pol. To the right is Palki Khana with the richest collection of palanquins including Rajat Khasa, the lotus-shaped silver palanquin used by the royalty. Next to Palki Khana is the Howdah Gallery depicting the lavishly crafted howdahs (a howdah is a two-compartmentalized wooden seat, mostly covered with gold and silver embossed sheets, which was fastened on the elephant's back). On the first floor is the sprawling Umaid Mahal displaying paintings of Jodhpur school with a strong Mughal influence. Next on this floor is Phool Mahal which treasures miniature paintings depicting the 36 moods of musical ragas or Ragamala. Takhat Mahal has glass Christmas tree balls which were added in the 1930s. Sardar Vilas displays fine woodwork. Jhanki Mahal was used by the women of the royal zenana who could peep through latticed stone screens to see ceremonies and other happenings at the courtyard. The museum also displays a rich collection of musical instruments and costumes used by royalty.
Gardens and Parks at Jodhpur
The parks and gardens have been developed to attract the tourists. There are quite a few beautiful Jodhpur gardens for the purpose of sightseeing.
Lake at Jodhpur
Balsamand Lake : The Balsamand Lake is an artificial reservoir, built in the 13th century, which provided drinking water to the city.
The climate of Jodhpur is generally hot and arid but with a rainy season from late June to September (Köppen BWhw). Although the average rainfall is around 360 millimetres (14 in), it is extraordinarily variable. In the famine year of 1899, Jodhpur received only 24 millimetres (0.94 in), but in the flood year 1917 it received as much as 1,178 millimetres (46.4 in).
Jodhpur Travel Tips
Precaution to be taken near the region of desert safari :The afternoons are as hot as 30 degrees though later at night the temperature may drop down to as low as zero degrees. Thus you should be adequately equipped with the cotton and the woollen clothing.
Jodhpur Tourist Offices
Jodhpur (Jodhpur Division) Regional Tourist Office, Hotel Ghoomar Campus, Phone : 0291-545083 Jodhpur Tourist Reception Centre, RTDC Hotel Ghoomar, High Court Road, Phone : 0291-545083 Tourist Information Counter Ratanada Airport The RTDC office is at Hotel Ghoomar, on High Court Road in Jodhpur Tel#0291-45083. Another office of the RTDC is at the Tourism Centre, Hotel Swagatam, near the Railway Station Tel# 203531,202152.
State Bank Of India - ATM - Jodhpur
Must do at Jodhpur
During a visit to Jodhpur, One should not miss out The Marwar Festival held in ?Oct-Nov. or an insight into royal yesteryears dont miss this!
Not to do at Jodhpur
Kaylana Lake : (Don't Swim) Don't even try to swim in this if you are not an expert swimmer.