Jaipur, the capital city of the Indian state of Rajasthan is one of the most vibrant and colourful cities of India. Jaipur is often called the "Pink City" because its prominent buildings are washed in this colour. This city is famous for its colorful culture, forts, palaces, and lakes. Main places to visit are :- Hawa Mahal, City Palace, Jantar Mantar. The city, today, has grown to become the second largest city of Rajasthan, retaining the medieval splendour.
History : Jaipur, (City of Victory) was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, a Kachhwaha Rajput, who ruled from 1699-1744. The City Palace is a historic landmark. Hawa Mahal, built by the poet-king Sawai Pratap Singh, is the most strikingly designed monument in Jaipur. Jantar Mantar is one of Jai Singh's five remarkable observatories. Govind Devji Temple, The most popular temple of Jaipur dedicated to Lord Krishna.
Jaipur Quick facts
Jaipur Geography and Climate
Geography : Jaipur is located at 26.92° N 75.82° E. It has an average elevation of 432 metres (1417 feet).
Best time to visit Jaipur
For all those who are prone to heat strokes and cannot stand the glaring sun, winter is the best option to travel to Jaipur. The city can be visited between September and March when the climate in Jaipur is pleasant and ideal for a holiday.
Jaipur is famously referred to as the 'Pink City' because Maharaja Man Singh II ordered his city painted a pretty pink in honour of the visiting Prince of Wales, Edward VII in 1876. Jaipur is home to numerous palaces and forts, namely Amber fort, City Palace, Hawa Mahal, Jaigarh Fort, Jantar Mantar, Nahargarh Fort, etc.
Jaipur Near Getaways
Amanbagh Resort, Alwar (near Jaipur) : It is a garden gateway to Rajasthan's rugged frontier region. A luxury resort is set within a walled compound that once served as the site of a mobile hunting camp used by the Maharaja of Alwar. The resort comprises a main building rising over three levels, beyond which lies a swimming pool, dining area and wading pool.
This city lies 260km away from Delhi. The Jaipur city has an area of 200.4 sq kms and situated at an altitude of 431m above the sea level.
How to reach Jaipur by Road
Good motorable roads connect Jaipur with Delhi, Agra, Bikaner, Udaipur, Ajmer, Jodhpur, Bharatpur, Jaisalmer and Mumbai. Rajasthan Roadways runs excellent regular service of AC and Deluxe Coaches from Delhi (From Bikaner House, Pandara road and ISBT, Kashmeri Gate)
How to reach Jaipur by Rail
An excellent connection from Delhi is Shatabdi Express which provides a fast, air-conditioned rail service. Other connections to Jaipur are, from Delhi, Agra, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Lucknow, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Udaipur, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata and Secunderabad.
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How to reach Jaipur by Air
Jaipur's Sanganer Airport is 15 km from downtown, a drive of 30 minutes from most of the hotels. Jaipur is well connected by Indian Airlines and Jet Airways with Ahmedabad, Delhi, Goa, Jodhpur, Kolkata, Mumbai and Udaipur.
Jaipur Festivals and culture
The colorful city gets brighter during the celebration of special festivals. The fairs and festivals which are worth mentioning are Elephant festival, Teej festival, Kite festival and Gangaur festival.
Languages: English, Hindi,Marwari and Rajasthani. Religion : The main religion which is followed in Jaipur is Hinduism. Other religions include Jainism, Islam, Sikhism and Christianity in the decreasing order. People : Here, people prefer to wear bright colored clothes. Women of Jaipur like Red, yellow, green and orange colored attire with a dazzling work of gold/ silver zari or gota. Tribal Ladies wear loads of Silver jewelry even men too can be spotted wearing earrings. Cuisine : Jaipur is famous for its Dal Batti Churma, Mawa Kachori, Ghewar and Chapattis. In Jaipur, lot of ghee and butter is used in cooking the food.
Jaipur Religious Places
Govind Devji Temple : It is located in the central pavilion of the Jai Niwas Garden to the north of Chandra Mahal. This most popular temple of Jaipur is dedicated to Lord Krishna. The image of the patron deity - Govind Devji, originally installed in a temple of Vrindavan, was reinstalled here by Sawai Jai Singh II as his family deity.
Hawa - Mahal : Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh of Jaipur, Rajasthan, built the Hawa Mahal in the year 1799. This architectural wonder was built with pink and red sandstone. This is considered to be one of the most popular monuments in Jaipur. This historical monument is a multi-layered palace and is an architectural wonder. The Hawa Mahal was constructed for the women of the royal court to watch the everyday life and royal processions of the city.
Jaipur Entertainment and Night Life
Ramgarh Lake : Interesting options that you can try in Ramgarh Lake are boating (October-June), trekking in the mountains, fishing, jeep driving to the nearby jungle, etc,. makes the trip very adventurous.
Jaipur is not involved in a very active nightlife like other global cities. People usually enjoy quiet evenings by listening music, puppet shows and traditional dances, which are exhibitors of Rajasthan's rich heritage. Bars and pubs of Jaipur: Madhu Shala, The Polo (Rambagh Palace), Rang Mahal, Talab and Maharani Express are some of the most happening bars of Jaipur. Coffee house culture is quite prevalent in the region. Coffee shops like Mr.Beans and Rocks are also frequently visited places.
Kidding around Jaipur
Ramgarh : 25 Kms from Jaipur. is an ancient site , famous for its huge artificial lake created by constructing a high bund amidst tree covered hills, where the citizens throng in a large numbers for picnic in the rainy season.
This city is famous for woollen carpets and cotton rugs. Equally popular are the leather footwear, especially the embroidered 'Jutis'. Jaipur is also famous for semi-precious stones and the best place to buy them is off Johari Bazaar. The famous shopping spots are Rajasthani, Johri Bazaar, MI Road, Nehru Bazaar, Bapu Bazaar, Chaupar Stalls. The markets generally remain closed on Sundays.
Famous To Eat at Jaipur
Jaipur is famous for its Dal Batti Churma, Mawa Kachori, Ghewar, Mirchi Bada, Rajasthani Subji and different kinds of Chapattis. In Jaipur, lot of ghee and butter is used in cooking the food. Among the various restaurants, LMB, Rawat and Suvarna Mahal are the most famous for Rajasthani cuisine. There are numerous multicuisine restaurants offering Indian, Continental and Chinese cuisine along the famous MI Road. Hotel Maharani Palace, Hotel Rambagh Palace, Hotel Mansingh Palace and Hotel Jai Mahal Palace are some of the palace turned hotels that have some quality bars and multicuisine restaurants too. If you are a lover of fast food, the great variety of patties, pastries, sandwiches, pizzas, Indian chat etc. will definitely satisfy your appetite.
Jaipur Museum and Hill Stations
Museums in Jaipur display the ancient manuscripts and scriptures, art and artifacts of erstwhile rulers of Rajasthan and India.
Gardens and Parks at Jaipur
Ranthambore National Park : Originally a hunting ground of the Maharaja of Jaipur, Ranthambore was declared a game sanctuary in 1955. In 1980, it became a national park and listed among the reserves protected under Project Tiger (1973). It sprawls over an estimated area of 400 sq kms. It is situated in India's north western state of Rajasthan, near the town of Sawai Madhopur, midway between Bharatpur and Kota townships. It is surrounded by the Vindhya and Aravali hill ranges and is very near to the outer fringes of the Thar Desert. The entry point to the Ranthambore National Park, goes straight to the foot of the fort (Ranthambore Fort, built in the 10th century) and the forest rest house, Jogi Mahal. The latter boasts of the second-largest banyan tree in India. The Padam Talab, the Raj Bagh Talab and the Malik Talab are some of the lakes in the area, that attract the tiger population.
Lake at Jaipur
Sambhar Lake in Jaipur : Sambhar is a small town, located at a distance of 60kms in the west of Jaipur, on Jaipur-Ajmer Highway. Sambhar is famous for the largest saline lake in India. Due to this fact, Sambhar is also known as "Salt Lake City".
Best Time to Visit Jaipur
Jaipur Travel Tips
ALWAYS keep your passport, plane ticket, money and camera with you. In general, cash is better than traveler's cheques. Many merchants will take dollars and their rate of exchange can be higher than the "official" rate.
Jaipur Tourist Offices
Jaipur : Tourist Reception Center, Tourist Hotel (Govt. Hostel), MI Road, Tel:-0141-2365256/2370180 JaipurPinkPages.com 2029, Nahargarh Road, Jaipur Phone: Mobile : 9414361640 Govt.of India Tourist Office Hotel Khasa Kothi, Jaipur Phone: 0141-2372200 Govt.of India Tourist Office Airport, Jaipur Phone: 0141-2550222 Department of Tourism Western Gate , Govt.Hostel, Jaipur Phone: 0141-2370180
ICICI Bank ATM In Jaipur : Jaipur Airport AG Office (Accountant General Office) Bhagwandas Road, C-Scheme, Jaipur 45, Brigade, Shopping Complex Cantonment Area, Jaipur IOC-Retail Outlet, M/S Yadav and Co. Ajmer Road, Jaipur
Must do at Jaipur
It is a must see if you are visiting Jaipur. Sheesh Mahal was amazing. Intricate Marble and mirror work that even today's artists might take years to complete.
Not to do at Jaipur
Avoid visiting in Summer season because of heat strokes.