Introduction: Ranchi, Capital of Jharkhand is also called as city of Water falls and lakes. Ranchi is a city of Falls and Forest. The name Ranchi comes from "archi" an Oraon/Kurukh word for the farmer's "baton" in use while ploughing. The area was an agricultural locality and Doranda (durang da' a Mundari word) was a better known place for its military base and garrison. History: Earlier the name of the district was Lohardaga.The geographical area now comprising Ranchi district was formerly part of old Lohardaga district of the British India . In the year 1831-32, a part of old Lohardagga district was carved out and given the name of the Non-regulation South-West Frontier, and in 1899 the name of the district was changed to Ranchi district. Ranchi was the name of a small tribal village which has since been assimilated into the city of Ranchi. Description: Located in the valley of Chhotanagpur at an altitude of 2140 feet, Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand. Mystifying waterfalls, exquisite temples, gigantic rocks and hillocks and reputed educational institutions are the key attractions of the city of Ranchi. The city is also visited by innumerable business travellers on the ground of its mineral wealth. And for the adventure freaks the place also offers some popular wildlife parks. Once the summer capital of Bihar, the city of Ranchi is a favourite haunt of the tourists and visitors from far and wide. The Subarnarekha river flows by the side of the city.
Ranchi Quick facts
Ranchi Geography and Climate
Ranchi is located at [show location on an interactive map] 23.35� N 85.33� E.. The total area covered by Ranchi - Municipal Area is about 110 square kilometers and the average elevation of the city is 2,140 feet above sea level.Geographically, Ranchi is located on southern part of the Chota Nagpur plateau which forms the eastern edge of the Deccan plateau system. The area surrounding Ranchi has been endowed with natural attractions and it is referred to as the ?City of Waterfalls?. Ranchi has a sub-tropical climate. Temperature ranges from maximum 37 to 20�C during summer, and minimum 22 to 3�C during winter. The annual rainfall is about 1530 mm. From June to September the rainfall level is about 1,100 mm.
Best time to visit Ranchi
October to May is the best time to visit Ranchi when the temperatures and humidity are low and the weather is pleasant. The city is visited almost throughout the year because of its relatively high altitude. Many find it the ideal place to recuperate because it has pleasant climate through the year, with the exception of June, July and August.
Ranchi Near Getaways
Betla: 140km from Ranchi, Palamau has been renamed the Betla National Park. It is one of India?s original tiger reserves. Spanning 232 sq km, it is enriched with thick tropical forests and hot springs. February to April is the best time to visit the Park. Though you may not come across the tiger with ease, there are large herds of Gaur, langur, chital, barking deer and nilgai that roam across the Park. The elephants come out in herds to the waterholes after March when other sources of water begin to dry up. Apart from the attraction of the Park, Betla is scenically endowed with waterfalls and Rivers Koel and Burha. Accommodation is available in the form of Government Rest Houses and privately owned lodges, cottages and hotels. 4WDs can be rented for tours around the Park. Hazaribagh National Park: 91 km away from Ranchi, the Hazaribagh National Park is spread over 184 sq km of gentle hills, thick tropical forests and grasslands. Tigers are rarely spotted because they have dwindled in huge numbers. Animals that are abundant are sambar, chital, barking deer and wild boar that crowd the waterholes at dusk. Trips to the Park from the Divisional Forest office commence at 1700 hours and wind up at 2200 hours. Reserve your accommodation in advance, as it is limited to a small tourist lodge, Forest Rest House and some cottages at the edge of the clearing. Macluskiganj: Once an Anglo Indian dominated town, Macluskiganj is a hill station with pleasant climes. 60 km away from Ranchi on National Highway 47, the town is still living in its past glory. ?Haunted houses? that were home to once well-to-do families proud of their connections with the British Raj, a sleepy yet picturesque ambience, attractive walks around town and the river banks of Chatti offer an unusual getaway. Privately owned ?English? houses offer inexpensive accommodation. Macluskiganj can be visited throughout the year.
How to reach Ranchi by Road
Ranchi is situated on National Highway No.23 & 33 and there are nets of good roads around it. Ranchi is directly connected by regular bus services with all the main places in the state and also outside the state.
How to reach Ranchi by Rail
Ranchi is on the South Eastern Railway and is directly connected with Calcutta, Patna, Rourkela, Delhi etc.
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How to reach Ranchi by Air
Ranchi is connected by regular Indian Airlines services with Calcutta, Patna, Mumbai, Lucknow and New Delhi.
Ranchi Festivals and culture
Ranchi is home to people of many castes, creeds and sects. All festivals are celebrated with pomp, glory and in harmony. People from nearby as well as far off places visit Ranchi during the holidays. * Jagannathpur Mela-Held at the Jagannath Temple, Ranchi during summer ever year. Saraswati Puja, Holi, Durga Puja, Diwali, Vishwakarma Puja, Id - Ul -Fitre, Id - Ul - Zoha, Muharram, Sarhul, Kara,World Indigenous Day, August 9, Sohrai, Christmas, Easter, Jharkhand Formation Day, Mahavir Jayanti. Apart from all the festivals in the Ranchi Jatra si the Oraon tribals hold lively dances during this festival, in which young people choose their mates.
Cultural affairs sector apart from organising cultural programming of dance, drama, music, painting, Kavi Sammelan, etc... with special emphasis on folk and tribal forms is conducting cultural survey, research and documentation. The study, survey and documentation of the cultural traits of these tribes has been indicated by target in certain specific areas. For the present, survey and research are going on subjects like tribal painting, tattooing, tribal jewelries, tribal musical instruments, tribal dance forms, etc... In the next phase their socio-religious customs like marriage system, child birth rituals, Dhumkuria System, disposal of the dead, etc... will be studied properly. Publication on these subjects and also on their fairs and festivals are being brought out. Research orientated documentary films on such subjects are also being produced.
Ranchi Religious Places
Temples Rajrappa Mandir About 65 km from Ranchi for the worship of Goddess Kali, known as Chhinnamasta. Also a tourist place; has great picnic spots. Pahari Temple - Heart of the city Durga Badi - Near Firayalal Chowk at the heart of the city. Jagannathpur Temple - Built in the architectural style of Puri temples about 300 years old Surya Temple - 38 km from Ranchi on Ranchi-Tata NH Road Bhawani Shankar Mandir Temple, Ginjo Thakur Gaon - 25 km from Ranchi on Ratu Road NH Road (12 km from Ratu in the way of Ratu - Burmu Road) Parasnath or Shikharjee - A major pilgrimage of the Jain's about 200 km from Ranchi in Girdih District. Ramakrishna Mission and Ashram, Morhabadi, Ranchi Ramakrishna Mission Ashram and T B Sanatorium, Tupudana, Ranchi Dewri Temple - 58 km from Ranchi on Ranchi-Tata NH 33 road Doranda Jain Mandir - 4 km from Ranchi. Churches St. Mary's Cathedral, Purulia Road, Ranchi Gossner Evangelical Lutheran Church, Main Road, Ranchi Church of Northern India, Church Road, Ranchi All Saints Church, Doranda, Ranchi. Mosque Iqra masjid Main road
Ranchi Entertainment and Night Life
There are some bars and pubs in Ranchi for youth to enjoy the evenings some of them are as follows: Birsa D Bar & Restaurant, Birsa Chowk, Khuti Road Hangul Bar & Restaurant, Hotel Chinar, Telephone +91 651 207780/81/82/83 Natraj Restaurant & Bar, Telephone +91 651 209383,307087 Neelum Bar Restaurant, Telephone +91 651 314231 Saqi Bar & Restaurant, Kanke Road
Ranchi takes great pride in its fair number of shopping complexes. The Ashirwad Shopping Complex, Centre Point, Anand Bazar and the Gel Church Complex are the major shopping complexes in the main road area. Arzan Palace and Pradhan Tower near the over bridge are also fantastic shopping points. Indigenous crafts make a good buy, especially the bamboo work, wood products, interesting toys and metal craft. The intricate ?paitkar? paintings and stone carvings rarely find their way to the market for lack of sponsorship.
Famous To Eat at Ranchi
There are already a number of traditional Indian eateries like Capitol hill, Kaveri, Krshna, Punjab Sweets, Kathi Kabab, 7th Heaven, Bholu Bhai, Palash and Birsa Munda Food Plaza(at Ranchi Railway Station) that are popular for family outings.
Ranchi Museum and Hill Stations
Ranchi Hill -Ranchi Hill is the prime attraction of the place. The hill provides the visitors with a panoramic view of the area. And atop the hill is a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Tagore Hill - The city of Ranchi has the Tagore Hill on its outer boundary. The hill was named after Rabindranath Tagore who was like a gem in the field of literature. At the foot of the hill lies the Ram Kishore Ashram.
Gardens and Parks at Ranchi
Birsa Zoological Park - 14 km from Ranchi Deer Park - 16 km from Ranchi on Ranchi-Khunti Road Rock Garden - Kanke Road, 4 km from the center of the city. Crocodile Farm - Ormanjhi, 19 km from Ranchi.
Lake at Ranchi
Hundru Falls ? about 28 km from Ranchi, on Subarnarekha River, the water falls from a height of 320 feet. Jonha Falls - also known as Gautmadhara falls , about 18 km, it is approachable by road and from Gautamdhara railway staion on the Ranchi-Muri section. Dassam Falls - about 40 km on Ranchi Jamshedpur Road, near Taimara village, on Kanchi river, the water falls from a height of about 144 feet. Hirni Falls ? about 90 km on the Ranchi Chakradharpur Road. Rajrappa Falls - about 65 km from Ranchi, also Chhinamasta temple. One has to go to Ramgarh (on the Ranchi-Hazaribagh Road) and then take the road to Bokaro. The falls are at the confluence of the river Damodar and Bhera. Netarhat ? 144 km from Ranchi, the ?Queen of Chotanagpur? at a height of 3622 feet above sea level.
Ranchi Travel Tips
Summer can mean high temperatures of around 40�C in the months of April, May and June. Light cotton clothing is best for this season. The monsoon rains are torrential in the months of July, August and part of September - rain gear is a must if you are visiting at this time. It can get cold at night in winter - so pack in a few woollens. Do not be carried away by media coverage of stray incidents. Those desirous of travelling out of town, particularly at night, should check with local people, say the hotel management, about the law and order situation in a particular area. However, it is not advisable to venture out late in the evening/ night even in unknown localities of the city unless one is fully aware of that area.
Ranchi Tourist Offices
Jharkhand Bhawan, Room 514 & 516, Ansal Chambers -2, Fifth Floor, Bhikaji Cama Place, New Delhi. Tel: 011-6170167 / 011-6109936
ICICI Bank ATM, Line Tank Road, Firayalal, Ranchi 834009.
Must do at Ranchi
Thing to do worth mentioning is the Ranchi Hill, which has temple dedicated to Lord Shiva alongside a beautiful lake. Those interested in anthropology can also visit the Bihar Tribal Research Institute and Museum, which is one of the Ranchi points of interest. About twenty kilometers from the city is a popular breeding centre ? a perfect site for reptile lovers. Ninety kilometers from the city is the Betla National park, home to some of the most endangered species in the world. Do try and get in some shopping when in Ranchi. It is a good place for handicrafts and paintings, as they are one of a kind and are available at cheap prices.
Not to do at Ranchi
Do not be carried away by media coverage of stray incidents. Those desirous of travelling out of town, particularly at night, should check with local people, say the hotel management, about the law and order situation in a particular area. However, it is not advisable to venture out late in the evening/ night even in unknown localities of the city unless one is fully aware of that area