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 Rajgir (Bihar)

Introduction:- Rajgir: Just 15 kms from Nalanda is located the complex of temples and monasteries. The place is called Rajgir. It is one of the most important tourist places in India. Being located in a valley, Rajgir is a very scenic place.
 History: The Buddha lived in the sixth century BC, Mahavir was born in 567 BC and the traveller in Bihar will encounter them both constantly. Rajgir is 10 kms. south of Nalanda and sacred to the memory of the founder of both Buddhism and Jainism Lord Buddha spent many months of retreat during the rainy season here, and use to meditate and preach on Groddhkuta, the "Hill of the Vultures". Lord Mahavir spent 14 years of his life at Rajgir and Nalanda. Description: Rajgir is an important Buddhist pilgrimage site since the Buddha spent 12 years here, and the first Buddhist council after the Buddha ,was hosted here at the Saptaparni caves. Lord Buddha often went into retreat at the Jivkamaravana monastery in a beautiful orchard. One of his most devoted and prosperous devotees, surgeon Jivaka also lived here. The rich merchant community here soon became the Buddha's followers and built many structures of typical Buddhist architecture.

Rajgir Quick facts

  • Rajgir Geography and Climate

    Rajgir is located at 25.03° N 85.42° E. It has an average elevation of 73 metres (239 feet). 
    Climate: Temperatures in summer are, maximum 40 °C, minimum 20 °C. 
    Winter: maximum 28 °C, minimum 6 °C 
    Rainfall: 1,860 mm (mid-June to mid-September)

  • Best time to visit Rajgir

    The best time to visit is between October and March.

  • Rajgir Orientation

    The City stretches along the southern bank of the Ganges for about 15 kms. The hotels, main street, train station and airport are in the western half of Patna known as Bankipur. While the older area is to the east, in Patna City, The hub of the new Patna is at Gandhi Maidan, and the main market area is Asok Raj Path, which starts here. Fraser and exhibition roads have officially been renamed Muzharul Haque Path and Braj Kishore Path, respectively, and Horing Road has become Jal Prakash Road, but every one still uses the old names.

  • Rajgir Distance(s)

    Nalanda, 15 km Gaya 68 km Pawapuri 38 km Bihar Sherif 25 km

    Distance from Rajgir to
    Click on link For a list of distances from Rajgir to various cities .

  • How to reach Rajgir by Road

    Local Transport: Taxis , Buses and Tongas are available.

  • How to reach Rajgir by Rail

    Rail: Though Rajgir itself has a railway station,the nearest convenient railhead is at Gaya 78 kms.

  • How to reach Rajgir by Air

    Air: The nearest airport is at Patna 101 kms. Indian Airlines connect s Patna to Calcutta, Bombay, Delhi, Ranchi and Lucknow.

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    Rajgir Festivals and culture

  • Rajgir Festivals

    The Rajgir Mahotsav is held every year from October 24 to 26. Classical dance, folk dance, music, and art performances are organized during this festival. The Malamasa Mela is celebrated in Rajgir every three years and a large fair is held here. According to the Indian solar calendar, every third year has 13 months, which is called Malamasa. Another festival specific to Rajgir is the Makar Sankranti Mela, held on the last day of the lunar calendar month of Paus, in mid-January. Devotees offer flowers to the deities of the temples at the hot springs and bathe in the holy water.
     Makar Sankranti: Another festival specific to Rajgir is "Makar Sankaranti Mela", held on the last day of lunar calendar month "Paus", around middle January (14th January).

  • Rajgir Religious Places

    Jain Temple: On hill crests around Rajgir, far at a distance, one can see about 26 Jain Temples. They are difficult to approach for the untrained, but make exciting trekking for those in form.
     Hot Springs: At the foot of Vaibhava Hill, a staircase leads up to the various temples. Separate bathing places have been organized for men and women and the water comes through spouts from Saptdhara, the seven streams, believed to find their source behind the "Saptarni Caves", up in the hills. The hottest of the springs is the Brahmakund with a temperature of 45 degree Centigrade.

  • Rajgir Monuments

    Jarashand ka Akhara: This is the Ranbhumi where Bhima and Jarasandh fought one of the Mahabharat battles. 
    Cyclopean Wall: Once 40 Km long, it encircled ancient Rajgir. Built of massive undressed stone carefully fitted together, the wall is one of the few important Pre-Maurayan stone structures ever to have been found. Traces of wall still subsist, particularly at the exit of Rajgir to Gaya.
     Shanti Stupa: The Vishwa Shanti Stupa is located on a 400 meter high hill. The stupa is built in marble and on the four corners of the stupa are four glimmering statues of Buddha. To reach the top of this hill one has to come through the Ropeways. This place is also called the GriddhKoot.
     Sonbhandar Caves: Two rather strange cave chambers were hollowed out of a single massive rock. One of the chambers , believed to have been the guard room, the rear wall has two straight vertical lines and one horizontal line cut into the rock.The doorway is supposed to lead to king Bimbisara Treasury. Bimbisar jail: his impatient son and heir, Ajatashatru, imprisoned King Bimbisara here. The captive king chose this site for his incarceration, because from this spot he could see Lord Buddha climbing up to his mountain retreat atop the Griddhakuta hill. There is a clear view of the Japanese Pagoda. The stupa of peace was built on the top of the hill.
     Gridhakuta:This was the place where the lord Buddha set in a motion his second wheel of law and for three months even during the rainy season, preached many inspiring sermons to his disciples.

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    Rajgir Entertainment and Night Life

  • Rajgir Adventure

    Bihar Sharif: 25 kms. away, this little town on the top of a craggy rock, attracts thousands of pilgrims of all religions who visit the tomb of Makhdum Shah Sharif-ud-din, a Muslin saint of 14th century. Bihar Sharif was once the capital of Muslim Governors of Bihar between the 13th and 16th centuries when the city was an active cultural centre and an important seat of Muslim thought and learning.

  • Kidding around Rajgir

    Swarajpur-Baragaon: 18 kms. The lake with its temple of Surya, the Sun God, is a pilgrim destination twice a year in "Vaisakha" (April-May) and in "Kartika" (October-November) during the Chhath Puja or Sun Worship. Kundalpur: The Digambar sect of Jains believe that Lord Mahavira was born at Kundalpur, 18 km from Rajgir. A Jain temple and two lotus lakes - The Dirga Pushkarni and Pandava Pushkarni mark the spot.

  • Rajgir Museum and Hill Stations

    Ajatshatru Fort: Built by Ajatshatru (6th century B.C.), the king of Magadha during the Buddha's time. The 6.5 sq.meter Ajatshatru's Stupa is also believed to have been built by him. 
    Swarn Bhandar: It is to be said that  it was a store of Gold of King Jarashandh. A unread story about the cave is that there is a lot of gold in this cave and a script  written on a stone is the code to unlock the door of this Swarn Bhandar.

  • Gardens and Parks at Rajgir

    Jivakameavan Gardens: Seat of the Royal Physician's dispensary where Lord Buddha was once brought to have his wound dressed by Jivaka, the royal physician during the reign of Ajatshatru and Bimbisara.

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    Rajgir Tips

  • Rajgir Travel Tips

    The nearest airport is Patna from where taxis and luxury buses are available. Local trains are available from Patna or Bakhtiarpur.
     Local information can be obtained from the tourist office of the Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation. Hotel Gautam Vihar, Hotel Ajatshatru Vihar and Hotel Tathagat Vihar are three of the hotels managed by the B.S.T.D.C. Cenatur Hokke is a Japanese undertaking with 24 rooms.

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