History: According to Hindu mythology, Gurgaon is the ancestral village of Guru Dronacharya, the teacher of the Pandavas and Kauravas in the Indian epic, Mahabharata. The village was gifted by the Pandavas and Kauravas to their Guru (Dronacharya), and was therefore known as Guru - Gram, (Village of the Guru).
City description : Gurgaon is the sixth largest city in the Indian state of Haryana. Gurgaon is the main city of the National Capital, Delhi because it is the home to major IT companies and provides the best infrastructure in terms of schools, roads, housing societies and medical facilities. Among the major industries in Gurgaon, IT, ITES, auto manufacturing and pharmaceuticals have the maximum existence. However, other industries and MNCs are coming to Gurgaon considering the infrastructure facilities and skilled labour that comprises of people from all over India.
Gurgaon Quick facts
Gurgaon Geography and Climate
Geography: Gurgaon is located at 28.47° N 77.03° E. It has an average elevation of 220 meters (721 feet). The present Gurgaon district comprising nine blocks Tauru, Nuh, Pataudi, Nagina, Punhana, F.P.Jhirka, Sohna, Gurgaon & Farrukhnagar was created on 15 August,1979. It is the southern-most district of Haryana. On its north, it is bounded by the district of Rohtak and the Union Territory of Delhi. Faridabad district lies to its east. To its west lies the district of Rewari and the State of Rajasthan.
Best time to visit Gurgaon
The best time to visit Gurgaon is during the spring season, February to April and August to November.
Gurgaon is a district head quarters in Haryana and the heart of a major industrial area. It has developed into a large and flourishing town because of its vicinity to New Delhi which is about 30 Kms from here. Gurgaon also known as 'Guru Gram' or 'Guru Gaon' (village of the spiritual teacher) was named after Dronacharya, a character in the Epic Mahabharata. The office and manufacturing plant of India's largest car maker Maruti Udyog Limited is situated here as are a large number other industries. Another area in which Gurgaon is excelling is the IT industry and software development. Real estate is booming here with new buildings coming up at an astronomical pace. Its population is steadily increasing each day because it is the preferred destination for many BPO companies, IT industries and educational institutions.
Gurgaon Near Getaways
Morni Hills, nearest hill station to Gurgaon : Morni Hills of Chandigarh is an exquisite hill resort, which takes 45-kilometer drive from Chandigarh. The height of 1100meters hill is environed by the dense forest of Chir pine. Rock climbers and the trekkers are invited for the perfect place of adventure.
Gurgaon, a district head quarter in Haryana, is situated in NCR of Delhi, the capital of India. It is in the heart of a major industrial area and is one of Delhi's four major satellite cities. Area : 15.33 sq. kms
How to reach Gurgaon by Road
The road network of the entire state is very convenient. Buses available at the General Bus Stand Gurgaon connect you to different parts of North India like Chandigarh, Shimla, Agra, etc. A good network of highways and national highways connects almost all the major towns and cities.
How to reach Gurgaon by Rail
Gurgaon Railway Station is one of the oldest Railway Stations situated on the Delhi - Rewari - Jaipur Railway line route. It is at a distance of about 3 kms from main old Gurgaon City. Computerized reservation facility is also available at Gurgaon Railway Station.
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How to reach Gurgaon by Air
The nearest airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport, at New Delhi. The Delhi airports link Gurgaon with most of the important cities of India and the world.
Gurgaon Festivals and culture
Gurgaon - a fast developing city of Haryana hosts many Festivals and Events. On account of its close proximity to the capital of the country, many people come over from New Delhi as well to participate in the Festivals and Events in Gurgaon. Some of the Festivals and Events that offer great entertainment and recreation to the people of Gurgaon are , Sohna Car Rally, Suraj Kund Crafts Mela, The Kartik Cultural Festival.
The culture of Gurgaon is cosmopolitan culture because of people from different religions coming from different places in search of jobs and the life style which prevailed here. Thus, all of them enjoy all festivals and customs and traditions which belong to various religions. Gurgaon is fast becoming the most modern of Indian cities because of the ambience, environment, good quality of infrastructure, good schools, hospitals, community centres, eateries, lifestyle malls, clubs and golf clubs.
Gurgaon Religious Places
Sheetala Mata Mandir, Gurgaon Village : The famous temple of Sheetala Devi, with a decent pond and great landscaped grounds, is a good place to visit. Sheetala Mata Mandir is found at Gurugaon village, in the state of Haryana. The presiding deity of this temple is Mata Sheetala Devi, which is also referred to as Shakti Peeth. Mata Sheetala Devi is also called as Bhagat Lalita Maa and Masani Maa. In fact the word Sheetala refers to the disease smallpox. And it is believed that ,if this deity is invoked with faith, she dispels the disease. Situated near a pond, this temple witnesses hordes of pilgrims throughout the year. During the month of Chaitra (March-April), this place resembles like Kumbh-Mela. A section of the visitors come for the mundan ceremony (the first hair cutting ceremony) of their children and offer the crop of hair at the altar of the goddess. Among other visitors married couples also come to invoke the blessings of the goddess for a happy married life.
Sheesh Mahal(Palace of Mirrors) : Sheesh Mahal, or the Palace of Mirrors is a rectangular shaped palace with magnificent and intricate mirrors. Inside the edifice you can see an ancient jail and torture chamber.
Gurgaon Entertainment and Night Life
Damdama Lake : Located a few kilometers South of Gurgaon off Alwar road. There is an adventure resort Water Banks, with deluxe tents along the lake side. There are facilities for boating and hot air ballooning. With activities like hover crafting, camping, and boating, you're bound to have a blast.
Gurgaon nightclubs provide the best of comfort and service and are also coming up with innovative ways to lure consumers. With UV lights, laser laden dance spaces, gigantic bars and smart decor, Gurgaon is in its own way, a whole new world of nightlife. This is a place where hardly a night will go waste, with tons of pubs and lounges in the city, your nightlife will rock. Variety of drinks, good music and nominal rates are the norm at the pubs in Gurgaon.
Kidding around Gurgaon
Sultanpur Lake : Sultanpur Lake is the point around which the Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary has been developed. The lake is a picnic spot for the residents of Delhi and boating facilities are also available here. The lake has a good number of reptiles and it attracts a lot of migratory birds during winters.
Gurgaon malls are becoming a perfect shopping destination to visit. Being the ideal one stop shopping destinations, Gurgaon shopping malls savea lot of money and time. If this progress steadily remains on the track for the next few years, the entire retail bustle will definitely undergo a remarkable change. For enthusiast shoppers, there is a long streak of shopping malls in Gurgaon to follow. Right from Sahara Mall, DLF City Centre, MGF Metropolitan, DLF Mega Mall to Vishal Mega Mart, there is a multitude of alternatives to replete shopping spree. But in terms of regard and recognition, Sahara Mall, Gurgaon Metropolitan Mall and Mega Mall Gurgaon supersede all.
Famous To Eat at Gurgaon
Being metropolitan in nature, you can find almost all cuisines of the world thriving in Gurgaon. Gurgaon is located in northern India, so don't forget to try Punjabi dishes.
Gurgaon Museum and Hill Stations
Museum of Folk and Tribal Art , Gurgaon: Mr.K.C. Aryan famous art historian, painter, sculptor established Museum of Folk and Tribal Art at Gurgaon in 1984. This Museum is the treasure trove of Folk, Tribal and Neglected Art form of India. The Museum contains various types of woodcraft objects, iron vessels, religious art objects, terracotta, embroidery, murals from Himachal Pradesh, phulkaris from Punjab, and lithographs from Amritsar. The museum also houses 200 Shiva heads and a large number of life-size mukhalingas from Karnataka.
Gardens and Parks at Gurgaon
Sultanpur National Park : Sultanpur National Park & Bird Sanctuary is located in Gurgaon district of Haryana on the Gurgaon-Farukh Nagar Road. Sultanpur was declared a Bird Sanctuary in 1971 and was upgraded to the status of National Park in 1991 by the Haryana Government. Founded by Dr.Salim Ali , it is situated 16 kms from Gurgaon and 46 kms from Delhi. The Sultanpur National Park is lush with lawns and trees and shrubs and masses of bougainvillea. Take a good pair of binoculars with you to clearly view the wildlife from a safe distance, without disturbing them. During winter birds migrate from as far as Siberia and Europe. The important species found in the park are saras, crane, spot bill, ruddy shell duck, rosy pelicans etc. Over 100 species have been identified in this Sanctuary.
Lake at Gurgaon
Damdama Lake : is located a few kilometers South of Gurgaon off Alwar road. There is an adventure resort Water Banks, with deluxe tents along the lake side. There are facilities for boating and hot air ballooning. With activities like hover crafting, camping, and boating, you're bound to have a blast.
Gurgaon Travel Tips
In summers, the heat wave is immense and adequate precaution has to be taken before going out in the afternoons. Cotton clothing is apt for the summer months whereas woollens are required for the winters. A visit to Sohna Sulphur Springs is a must as the hot water here is believed to cure diseases like gout and rheumatism.
Gurgaon Tourist Offices
Harayana Tourism Shama Tourist Complex, Gurgaon- 122001 Phone : 0124-2320683 Quest Adventure T-4/8, Phase 3, DLF City, Gurgaon- 122001 Phone : 0124-2354687 Vacation Tourists GF-5 Satyam Plaza, Civil Lines, Opposite Shama Restaurant, Gurgaon- 122001 Phone : 0124-2223153
Syndicate Bank Atms: EP-17, Old Railway Road, Gurgaon 122 001. Mehrauli Road, Sector 17, Sukhrali, Gurgaon 122 001 Canara Bank Atms : Alwar Road, Near Gurudwar, Gurgaon S G 27/28, Ground Floor, D L F Galleria, Phase Iv, D L F City,Gurgaon SBI ATMS : State Bank Of India DLF PH-III, MAULSARI, DLF PHASE-3, GURGAON, HARYANA State Bank Of India BADSHAHPUR, BADSHAHPUR, GURGAON, HARYANA Punjab National Bank ATMS, PNB, Gurgaon : UDYOG VIHAR, Branch : UDYOG VIHAR GURGAON HARYANA
Must do at Gurgaon
A visit to Sohna Sulphur Springs cures diseases: The tiny town with pretty name, Sohna is credited with sulphur springs. The water is strongly sulphurate and its temperature varies from 46° C to 51.7° C. The present site of main kund, called Shiv Kund, is believed to have been the ancient abode of hermits. The hot water is believed to have curative effect on skin infections and diseases like gout and rheumatism. Hindus consider the tank sacred and come for a dip in its water on solar/lunar eclipse and Somavati Amavasya.