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 Agra (Uttar Pradesh)

Agra is a part of the state of Uttar Pradesh, in the northern region of India. It is a part of the great northern plains and is situated on the west bank of river Yamuna. Agra was the seat of the imperial Mughal court during the 16th and 17th centuries, before the capital was shifted to Delhi. The city, strategically located on the banks of the Yamuna and along the Grand Trunk Road, flourished under the patronage of the emperors Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, attracting artisans from Persia and Central Asia, and also from other parts of India, who built luxurious forts, palaces and gardens. Of these, the Taj Mahal, the Agra Fort and Akbar's abandoned capital of Fatehpur Sikri have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. With the decline of the Mughals, Agra was captured by the Jats, the Marathas, and finally by the British, early in the 19th century.

Agra Quick facts

  • Agra Geography and Climate

    Geography : Agra is situated 27.18° N 78.02° E, on the bank of Yamuna river. It has an average elevation of 171 metres (561 feet). On the north it is bounded by Mathura, on the south by Dhaulpur, on the east by Firozabad, on the south-east by Fatehabad and on the west by Bharatpur. Agra is the third biggest city in Uttar Pradesh. 
    Climate : The climate of Agra is extreme and tropical. Summers are extremely hot and the maximum temperature can be as high as 45 degree Celsius, while winters are cold and foggy. Heavy rains and high humidity mark the monsoon season. The rainy season is between June and September and the city receives annual rainfall of 660 millimeters (26 inches).

  • Best time to visit Agra

    Agra can be visited throughout the year, but one must avoid the extreme hot summers (April-June) and rainy season (July-Sept). The most suitable time to visit Agra is in winters.

  • Agra Orientation

    The Taj Mahal, the Agra Fort and Akbar's abandoned capital of Fatehpur Sikri in Agra have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Agra is famous as being home to one of the Seven Wonders of the world - the Taj Mahal. Agra fort is also known as Lal Qila, Fort Rouge and Red Fort of Agra. The Agra Fort has won the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in the year 2004.

  • Agra Near Getaways

    Agra Cantonment : Agra Cantonment Railway Station is one of the major railway stations of Agra. This station connects Agra with different cities of India. Several trains stop daily at this station. This station is the gateway to the city of Taj Mahal, the amazing marble dome, which is breathtaking. This railway station in Agra witnesses a profound rush of tourists, both foreign and domestic.

  • Agra Distance(s)

    It is a part of the great northern plains and is situated on the west bank of river Yamuna. Agra is 204 km south of Delhi.

    Distance from Agra to
    Click on link For a list of distances from Agra to various cities .

  • How to reach Agra by Road

    There is a regular bus service from the adjoining cities of Agra. Buses from cities like Delhi, Mathura, Gwalior, etc. provide the means of transportation from and in to the city. Taxis also provide transport facilities from the same destinations as buses.

  • How to reach Agra by Rail

    Agra city has its railway station grounded at Agra Cantonment. There are numerous trains from Delhi that connect  Agra with a total journey time of three hours. Taj Express is a special train that runs from Delhi to Agra. Other trains include Shatabdi Express and the Intercity Express. The rails connect Agra with the major cities like Delhi, Gwalior, Bhopal, etc.

  • How to reach Agra by Air

    There are regular flights from other cities of India especially Delhi, its closest metropolis and an International gateway. The domestic airport of Agra is located some 11 kms from the centre of the city. Domestic flights from Varanasi, Delhi and Khajuraho connect Agra with the rest of the country.

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    Agra Festivals and culture

  • Agra Festivals

    Taj Mahotsav :(18-27 Feb) Taj Mahotsav is organized annually for ten days during February.  It is an event to lure the tourists and acquaint them with the legendary skills of Indian master craftsmen and the finesse of Indian fine arts. It also showcases the rich heritage of India. 
    Ram Barat : The special marriage procession of Sri Ram, held annually at Agra, is known as 'Rambarat' and precedes Dussehra. It is a part of 'Ramlila', the staging of the  life  of Rama that ends with killing of Ravana, on the day of Dussehra. The chosen venue is 'Janakpuri', the palace of Raja Janak who was the father of Goddess Sita. A major fair is organized in the locality and thousands of people visit the venue to see the fair and attend the elaborate royal wedding of the divine deities.
     Bateshwar Fair : October or November Bateshwar (70 kms from Agra) is an important spiritual and cultural centre boasting of 108 temples of the various gods and goddesses of Hindus. Bateshwar Fair is organized here annually during the months of October or November in  honour of Lord Shiva for a month.

  • Agra Culture

    As the city of Agra was an important city of Mughal dynasty, you would certainly experience the touch of the Mughal culture in the hearts of Agra localities. Most of the people use Hindi, Urdu and English in Agra. Men usually wear long-sleeved shirts and trousers while women enjoy wearing traditional salwar kameez or traditional sarees. Agra is a safe home for different religions like Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism and Buddhism. Every religion in Agra enriches the cultural and traditional values of the city. While walking on the streets of Agra you can enjoy the roadside magic shows and folk dance performances. Taj Mahal alone attracts millions of tourists each year. It has become an integral part of the culture of Agra. The city becomes more colourful during the Taj Mahostav (18-27 Feb) - the Taj Festival. A large number of dancers and singers gather at one place to perform here..

  • Agra Religious Places

    Jami Masjid : It is situated at the beginning of a very busy and popular street/centre in Old Delhi, Chandni Chowk and is built by Shah Jahan's favourite daughter, Jahanara in 1648. The Masjid-i-Jahan Numa, commonly known as Jama Masjid of Delhi, is the principal mosque of Old Delhi in India. It is one of the largest and best-known mosques in India. Masjid-i-Jahan Numa means "the mosque commanding a view of the world", and the name Jama Masjid is a reference to the weekly congregation observed on Friday (the yaum al-jum`a) at the mosque. People of other religions are not allowed in between 12-30 and 2-00pm. One is allowed to enter the mosque bare-footed, head covered and wearing lungi, - these are the norms visitors have to follow and are available on payment. 
    St. George's Church (Agra) : This church is in Agra Cantonment, built in 1826. A plastered, ochre coloured building was designed by Colonel JT Boileau, architect of Shimla's Christ Church Havelock Memorial Church, constructed in 1873 in a "trim Classial style", commemorates one of the British generals of the Indian Mutiny of 1857.

  • Agra Monuments

    Agra Fort : Situated on the west banks of Yamuna, Agra Fort was built by Emperor Akbar between 1565 and 1573. Agra Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Agra, India. The fort is also known as Lal Qila, 
    Fort Rouge and Red Fort of Agra. Its imposing red sandstone ramparts form a crescent along the river front, and encompass and enormous complex of courtly buildings, ranging in style from the early eclecticism of Akbar to the sublime elegance of Shah Jahan. Its walls are seventy feet high. Four gates were provided on its four sides, one 'Khizri gate' opening on to the river. Two of the gates are called the 'Delhi Gate' and the 'Lahore Gate'(sometimes called Amar Singh Gate). The impressive Amar Singh Gate, to the south, leads into the fort. To its right is the so-called Jahangir Mahal, the only major palace in the fort that dates back to Akbar's reign. In front of the Jahangir Mahal is a large marble pool which, according to legend, used to be be filled in Nur Jahan's time with thousands of rose petals so that the empress could bathe in its scented waters. After going through the gate, enter the Great Courtyard. On the right hand side, there is the many pillared Diwan-i-Am (Hall of Public Audience). It was built by Shah Janan in 1628.
     Fact :
    The emperor Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal, was imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb in the Agra Fort where he had a view on the building erected for his deceased wife. 
    Taj Mahal : One of the world's most famous buildings, the Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife, Mumtaz,who died in 1631. Its perfect proportions and exquisite craftsmanship have been described as "a vision, a dream, apoem, a wonder". This sublime garden-tomb, an image of the Islamic garden of paradise, cost nearly 41 million rupees and 500 kilos (1,102lbs) of gold. About 20,000 workers laboured for 12 years to complete it in 1643.

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    Agra Entertainment and Night Life

  • Agra Adventure

    Visit the famous Tajmahal -the seventh wonder in the world, built by Mughal Emperor Shahjahan. Visit the Agra Fort containing the Pearl Mosque, the Halls of Public and Private Audience during the tour. Also visit the Tomb of Itmad-ud-Daullah built by Empress Noorjahan in Agra.

  • Agra Nightlife

    If you happen to be in town on a full-moon night, do make an effort to watch Taj Mahal that night. The experience is breathtaking. Several night clubs, bars, and pubs entertain the fun seeking crowd. Some of the most frequented places are the Mughal Bar, Le Bar, Downtown Club Bar and the Downing Street Bar. Movies, Coffee shops and dining are other options on how to spend your beautiful evening in the city.

  • Kidding around Agra

    Keetham Lake : (23 kms from Agra) Keetham Lake or better known as Sur Sarovar is found in Surdas Reserved Forest. The lake has an impressive variety of aquatic life and water birds. Believe it or not, Keetham Lake is a picturesque lake that can literally take you over the edge as far as relaxed excursions are concerned. With fishes and water birds this place emanates an air of tranquility and a heavenly impression. Van Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary, 50 km from Agra is also a   tourist  spot.

  • Agra Shopping

    Agra tour is considered incomplete without shopping at the markets near the Taj Mahal. It is a paradise for the lovers of leather goods and sweets. There are many leather industries in Agra.So leather goods are available in large variety. Agra is famous for handicrafts such as inlay work on Marble , Leather work, Footwear, Brassware, Carpets, Jwellery, Zari and Embroidery work. It is also well known for Petha, Dalmoth and Gajak. The main shopping areas are the Sadar Bazar, Kinari Bazar and Munro Road.

  • Famous To Eat at Agra

    The most recognised area is Kinari Bazar : The city of Taj Mahal is also famous for 'Petha' (a kind of sweet). The petha is a popular sweet, made out of pumpkins cooked in sugar syrup. It comes in the shape of cubes, and can be kept without refrigeration for quite some time. In winters the gazak, sweet bars made of sesame and jaggery, keeps the body warm and can be a good snack to keep handy.
     Dasaprakash : It is known for vegetarian South Indian food specialities. It is located at 1, Gwalior Road, near hotel Agra Ashok.

  • Agra Museum and Hill Stations

    The museums of Agra are wonderful places for aspiring architects and the art lovers. The museums of Agra have a special regard for architecture due to the influence of wonderful structures in its plains. 
    The Taj Mahal Museum : The museum is located towards the west of the Taj Mahal. It  contains original drawings of Taj Mahal, precious and semi precious stones to be used in the construction and celadon plates. The celadon plates are famous as it is believed that the colour of the plates gets changed or the plate itself breaks into pieces if poisonous food is served in these. 
    The Spiritual Museum: The Spiritual Museum has been constructed near the Taj Mahal Complex and is visited by a fair number of people who constitute both the art lovers as well the tourists. Book lovers will have nice time in Agra with the availability of some fine libraries. Art freaks and culturally inclined people will be happy enough to find some wonderful art galleries like the CIMA Art Gallery, which organizes plenty of art exhibitions through out the year.

  • Gardens and Parks at Agra

    The city is provided with super cool gardens and parks. These lush green gardens which are provided with pools and fountains are great doctors for a spiritual being. The fragrance of flora, colorful flowers, cool shades, murmurs of water and  Rambagh or Aram Bagh ("Garden of Rest"): This is believed to be the earliest Mughal garden, laid out by Babur, the first Mughal emperor,in 1526. The garden also served as his temporary burial place before his body was taken to Kabul to be interred. The spacious walled garden, divided by walkways that lead to a raised terrace with open pavilions overlooking the river, was further developed by the empress Nur Jahan.

  • Lake at Agra

    Yamuna river : Yamuna, according to the legends, was the daughter of Surya, the Sun God, and sister to Yama,the God of Death. This river is considered as sacred river in India. The river Yamuna, a major tributary of river Ganges, originates from the Yamunotri glacier near Banderpoonch peaks (38o 59' N 78o 27' E) in the Mussourie range of the lower Himalayas at an elevation of about 6387 meters above mean sea level in district Uttarkashi (Uttranchal).

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    Agra Tips

  • Agra Travel Tips

    While travelling in Agra in Summer, Sunscreen lotion ,loose comfortable cotton clothing, a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses are essential.t. While travelling in Winter, woollen clothing or warm clothing is essential . In some religious monuments such as mosques, women may not be allowed to enter. At mosques and Hindu temples, footwear needs to left at the entrance. Make photocopies of your passport, visa, airline tickets and credit card and keep these in a safe place

  • Agra Tourist Offices

    The Government of India Tourist Office 191, The Mall, Agra, Uttar Pradesh # 363377, 363959 Tourist Information Counter Agra Cantonment Railway Station, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, # 2368598 UPTDC, Near Clarks Shiraz, 64, Taj Road, Agra, Uttar Pradesh # 2360517

  • Agra ATM's

    The following are the list of of State bank ATMs in New Delhi: Adb Najafgarh Village, Najafgarh A.D.B., New Delhi, Delhi - 110043 Ansari Nagar, Ansari Nagar New Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi - 110029

  • Must do at Agra

    A visit to 'Taj Mahal' is a must ,as it is considered as one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

  • Not to do at Agra

    Avoid the extreme hot summers (April-June) and rainy season (July-Sept) to visit Agra.

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